Jan Toorop (Java 1858 – The Hague 1928) was born in central Java, Poerworedjo, where his father occupied a government function. In 1868 the family left Toorop to the Netherlands. His artistic education received Toorop at the Rijksacademie voor Beeldende Kunsten in Amsterdam and at the Academy of Fine Arts in Brussels. In particular, his stay in Brussels was decisive for his education as an artist. He introduced the avant-garde artists of that time. In 1885 Toorop was included in the Les XX group, an international artist group of innovative painters and sculptors, such as James Ensor, Paul Signac and Auguste Rodin. Jan Toorop was one of the most influential Dutch artists from the period around 1900. Jan Toorop made the drawing of the miner during a visit to South Limburg in the first week of June 1915. The drawing by Jan Toorop, who is color lithographed on the market was brought to gain great popularity as an iconic portrait of a coal-fired worker.